They fired laser pulses at tiny, invisible wires—known as nanowires—which instantly created hot and dense plasma—one of the four fundamental states of matter that does not occur freely on Earth. This plasma created a chain reaction of fusion events
By Converting Heat to focused Beams Of Light A New Solar Device Could Create Cheap And Continuous Power
The key step in creating the device was the development of something called an absorber-emitter. It essentially acts as a light funnel above the solar cells. The absorbing layer is built from solid black carbon nanotubes that capture all the energy in sunlight and convert most of it into heat.
“The results provide a very convenient laboratory example of what is known as a ‘dissipative soliton system’ which is a central concept in nonlinear science and also relevant to studies in other fields, such as biology, medicine and possibly even social sciences,” said John. M. Dudley, a researcher at the University of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté.
The rapid development of flexible and wearable electronics is giving rise to an exciting range of applications, from smart watches and flexible displays — such as smart phones, tablets, and TV — to smart fabrics, smart glass, transdermal patches, sensors, and more. With this rise, demand has increased for high-performance flexible batteries.
There’s nothing new about manganese. The metal has been used forever in steel production, where about 90% of all manganese supplies are consumed each year. The balance has been traditionally used in fertilizers and nutrition markets. What is new is the demand shift as applications, like EV batteries’ draw on global supplies.
A paper published this month by Flavio Del Santo, Borivoje Dakić, and Philip Walther in Physical Review Letters, and a follow up demonstration posted on arXiv.org explains how. The technique relies on quantum superposition—the idea that unobserved quantum particles can be in more than one place at once.