There’s nothing new about manganese. The metal has been used forever in steel production, where about 90% of all manganese supplies are consumed each year. The balance has been traditionally used in fertilizers and nutrition markets. What is new is the demand shift as applications, like EV batteries’ draw on global supplies.
Toyota’s New Electric Motor Cuts Need For Costly (And Overwhelmingly China-Sourced) Rare-Earth Metal
True to their name, permanent-magnet motors—such as those in the Prius Prime and most EVs and hybrids—incorporate magnets mounted directly on or within the rotor (the rotating component of the motor), while electric current is applied to the windings of the stator (the stationary portion of the motor). Magnets that produce the power needed for EVs are rare-earth magnets, a type that’s lighter and can produce a stronger field (and thus more torque) than old-style ferrite magnets.
As part of the latest experimentation — carried out with the help of scientists at Rice University in Houston — researchers created a Bose-Einstein condensate using strontium atoms. Scientists converted one of the condensate’s atoms into a Rydberg atom using a laser.
The world clearly needs more powerful processors, as demand explodes for artificial intelligence workloads that require faster and more efficient chips than what’s currently available from Nvidia NVDA and AMD . But there’s a healthy amount of debate among researchers and scientists about whether quantum computers are useful for practical real-world applications
A paper published this month by Flavio Del Santo, Borivoje Dakić, and Philip Walther in Physical Review Letters, and a follow up demonstration posted on arXiv.org explains how. The technique relies on quantum superposition—the idea that unobserved quantum particles can be in more than one place at once.