This is the first of two “independent third party reports’ to be released testing the E-Cat LENR technology. I still question the method used to calculate the radiated heat ie ” measurements of the radiated power from the reactor were performed with high-resolution thermal imaging cameras“. I still do not understand why such tests are not conducted by more conventional and accepted calorimetric methods.
The E-Cat is no stranger to controversy. I am sure this will create quite the discussion not only among LENR enthusiasts but the science community itself. This is a good thing. I am troubled why this method of measurement is used given the criticisms it has attracted in the past for testing LENR reactions. Most other researchers use well tested and time proven calorimetric tests. Until this type of testing is performed I am no further convinced or accept these results other than they are subject to a lot of scientific debate about the methodology used.
I stress that is my own opinion and I respect all those who may have a differing view and may find the methodologies used acceptable. The report does address some of the issues raised in previous testing.
The document is well written and argued with data obtained suggesting a COP of over 3 on some occasions. I am not sure if this will bring us any closer to a practice, cost effective LENR device, only time will tell in regards to that.
The following is the abstract and introduction. . The full text and document can be found at the following link:
Observation of abundant heat production from a reactor device and of isotopic changes in the fuel
Bologna University, Bologna, Italy
Bo Höistad, Roland Pettersson and Lars Tegnér
Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
New results are presented from an extended experimental investigation of anomalous heat production in a special type of
reactor tube operating at high temperatures. The reactor, named E-Cat, is charged with a small amount of hydrogen-loaded
nickel powder plus some additives, mainly Lithium. The reaction is primarily initiated by heat from resistor coils around the
reactor tube. Measurements of the radiated power from the reactor were performed with high-resolution thermal imaging
cameras. The measurements of electrical power input were performed with a large bandwidth three-phase power analyzer.
Data were collected during 32 days of running in March 2014. The reactor operating point was set to about 1260 ºC in the
first half of the run, and at about 1400 °C in the second half. The measured energy balance between input and output heat
yielded a COP factor of about 3.2 and 3.6 for the 1260 ºC and 1400 ºC runs, respectively. The total net energy obtained
during the 32 days run was about 1.5 MWh. This amount of energy is far more than can be obtained from any known
chemical sources in the small reactor volume.
A sample of the fuel was carefully examined with respect to its isotopic composition before the run and after the run, using
several standard methods: XPS, EDS, SIMS, ICP-MS and ICP-AES. The isotope composition in Lithium and Nickel was
found to agree with the natural composition before the run, while after the run it was found to have changed substantially.
Nuclear reactions are therefore indicated to be present in the run process, which however is hard to reconcile with the fact
that no radioactivity was detected outside the reactor during the run.
This paper presents the results from a new extended study carried out on the “E-Cat” reactor, a device
invented by Andrea Rossi. Various tests of this reactor have indicated that an excessive amount of heat is
generated from a fuel consisting of hydrogen-loaded nickel powder plus some additives. The heat generating
process is initiated by heat from resistor coils around the reactor tube. In addition, the resistor coils are fed with some
specific electromagnetic pulses. The E-Cat reactor was tested in March 2013 by the same collaboration
performing the present test and a report is given in ref. . The March 2013 test showed indeed a clear
indication that abnormal heat was generated, i.e. that the amount of heat could not be explained by any
chemical processes in the limited volume of the reactor tube. This striking result prompted us to investigate
this phenomenon further. Therefore a second test has now been performed, this time over a much longer
period of time (32 days). Also, additional instrumentation was employed to further improve and secure the
experimental conditions during the run. A longer test was also motivated to investigate the long term
stability of the E-Cat operation, as well as running it at two different operational settings for comparison.
Furthermore, and more importantly, we wanted to investigate if the nuclear composition of the fuel had
changed due to the heat generating process. Such an investigation is indispensable in order to find out if the
heat generating process has its origin in transformations at the nuclear level. A careful analysis of the fuel isotope
composition has therefore been performed on samples taken by us before and after the experimental run using the standard
methods of SIMS, XPS, EDS and the chemical element analysis ICP-MS and ICP-AES.
In the course of the year following the previous tests, the E-Cat’s technology was transferred to Industrial
Heat LLC, United States, where it was replicated and improved. The present E-Cat reactor is therefore an
improved version running at higher temperature than the one used in the March 2013 experiment. The
general experimental procedure in the present test was the same as in the March test, i.e. the input power was
carefully monitored with appropriate instruments, and the output power was determined by measuring the
emitted radiation as well as calculating the heat dissipation from convection. The test started with a run with
no fuel in the reactor in order to make sure that our experimental set-up gave a perfect balance between the
measured input and output power.
Since we required that our measurements be carried out in an independent laboratory with our own
equipment, the experiment was purposely set-up and hosted within an industrial establishment which was not
in any way connected with Andrea Rossi’s businesses or those of his partners. The test was thus performed
in Barbengo (Lugano), Switzerland, in a laboratory placed at our disposal by Officine Ghidoni SA.