Revolution-Green http://revolution-green.com Alternative Energy News Mon, 01 May 2017 07:25:19 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=4.7.4 Thin layers of water hold promise for the energy storage of the future http://revolution-green.com/thin-layers-water-hold-promise-energy-storage-future/ http://revolution-green.com/thin-layers-water-hold-promise-energy-storage-future/#respond Mon, 01 May 2017 07:25:19 +0000 http://revolution-green.com/?p=15444 Researchers at North Carolina State University have found that a material which incorporates atomically thin layers of water is able to store and deliver energy much more quickly than the same material that doesn’t include the water layers. The finding raises some interesting questions about the behavior of liquids when confined at this scale and […]

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Researchers at North Carolina State University have found that a material which incorporates atomically thin layers of water is able to store and deliver energy much more quickly than the same material that doesn’t include the water layers. The finding raises some interesting questions about the behavior of liquids when confined at this scale and holds promise for shaping future energy-storage technologies.

This is a low temperature high resolution transmission electron microscope image of a platelet of tungsten oxide dihydrate; the “stripes” are individual layers of atoms separated by water layers. CREDIT: Veronica Augustyn and James LeBeau

Proof of Concept

“This is a proof of concept, but the idea of using water or other solvents to ‘tune’ the transport of ions in a layered material is very exciting,” says Veronica Augustyn, an assistant professor of materials science and engineering at NC State and corresponding author of a paper describing the work. “The fundamental idea is that this could allow an increased amount of energy to be stored per unit of volume, faster diffusion of ions through the material, and faster charge transfer.

“Again, this is only a first step, but this line of investigation could ultimately lead to things like thinner batteries, faster storage for renewable-based power grids, or faster acceleration in electric vehicles,” Augustyn says.

“The goal for many energy-storage researchers is to create technologies that have the high energy density of batteries and the high power of capacitors,” says James Mitchell, a Ph.D. student at NC State and lead author of the paper. “Pseudocapacitors like the one we discuss in the paper may allow us to develop technologies that bridge that gap.”

For this work, the researchers compared two materials: a crystalline tungsten oxide and a layered, crystalline tungsten oxide hydrate – which consists of crystalline tungsten oxide layers separated by atomically thin layers of water.

When charging the two materials for 10 minutes, the researchers found that the regular tungsten oxide stored more energy than the hydrate. But when the charging period was only 12 seconds, the hydrate stored more energy than the regular material. One thing that’s intriguing, the researchers say, is that the hydrate stored energy more efficiently – wasting less energy as heat.

“Incorporating these solvent layers could be a new strategy for high-powered energy-storage devices that make use of layered materials,” Augustyn says. “We think the water layer acts as a pathway that facilitates the transfer of ions through the material.

“We are now moving forward with National Science Foundation-funded work on how to fine-tune this so-called ‘interlayer,’ which will hopefully advance our understanding of these materials and get us closer to next-generation energy-storage devices.”Reference

Reference

The paper, “Transition from Battery to Pseudocapacitor Behavior via Structural Water in Tungsten Oxide,” is published in the journal Chemistry of Materials. The paper was co-authored by William Lo, a Ph.D. student at NC State; Arda Genc of Thermo Fisher Scientific; and James LeBeau, an associate professor of materials science and engineering at NC State.

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Micro turbine range extender gives 1000 km range http://revolution-green.com/micro-turbine-range-extender-gives-1000-km-range/ http://revolution-green.com/micro-turbine-range-extender-gives-1000-km-range/#respond Mon, 01 May 2017 06:58:26 +0000 http://revolution-green.com/?p=15435 Even Simon might consider this one along with many others who have range anxiety in regards to their electric car. The performance is not to be sneezed at either. Highlights Runs on a variety of fuels. 0-100 kmh  in 2.9 seconds. 30-kWh graphene-enhanced battery handles high charge rates. Lifespan of 50,000 DOD charging cycles. Micro-turbine […]

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Even Simon might consider this one along with many others who have range anxiety in regards to their electric car. The performance is not to be sneezed at either.

Highlights

Runs on a variety of fuels.

0-100 kmh  in 2.9 seconds.

30-kWh graphene-enhanced battery handles high charge rates.

Lifespan of 50,000 DOD charging cycles.

Micro-turbine should last 50,000 hours with maintenance every 10,000 hours. 

Shanghai Motor Show

Pininfarina may be best known for its work with Ferrari, but it’s also been working with Chinese brands like BAIC, Chery and JAC since 1996 and has a branch in Shanghai. For its latest project, it’s teamed with Hong Kong’s Hybrid Kinetic Group, a collaboration that birthed the svelte H600 sedan at last month’s Geneva Motor Show.

At the recent Shanghai Motor Show they’ve expanded the micro-turbine-extender family with the five-seat K550 and seven-seat K750 SUVs. The three vehicles share the same prominently framed front-end designs filled in with toothy grilles, but earn their own identities with details like the grille designs behind those shiny teeth and the bumpers.

Super Batteries

Neither the Pininfarina nor HKG announcement details specific powertrain or performance specs for the K550 or K750, but they do state that all family vehicles have a combination of “super batteries” and micro-turbine generators for up to 620 miles of range.

When detailing the H600 last month, HKG identified the super battery as a 30-kWh graphene-enhanced unit. Graphene-enhanced lithium-titanate and graphene lithium-sulfur batteries are among the technologies HKG is working to develop. The HKG family vehicle batteries are developed to handle high charge rates and have an estimated lifespan of 50,000 DOD charging cycles.

HKG says the high-efficiency micro-turbine can run on a variety of fuels, has an expected lifespan of 50,000 hours and requires maintenance in intervals of 10,000 hours. It imagines its vehicles working as backup power sources, able to feed energy into the home, grid or other electric vehicles when needed.

In February, Pininfarina and HKG signed a €65 million agreement covering the design, development, and engineering of a series of electric vehicles with micro-turbine range extenders. The deal will run 46 months.

 

HK Microturbine Electric Generator Range Extender

 

Official Hype

Few technical details exist but here is some of the PR

 Facilitating eco-sustainable energy conservation and environment protection for the well-being of people

According to statistics, the number of automobiles in China will reach 200 million by 2020. But behind this scene of prosperity lies massive energy consumption and harmful emissions. HK vehicles are equipped with micro-turbine generator range extenders and super batteries which is a power system golden combination that will maximize energy conservation and environment protection. The micro-turbine generator range extenders employ the latest aerospace technology, a masterpiece of precise industrial design that helps reduce environmental impact. Hybrid Kinetic Group’s self-developed high energy and high density super batteries feature unique energy recovery capabilities. Compared with conventional clean energy vehicles, HK vehicles boast kinetic energy recovery rate of over 30%, and a range of over 1,000 kilometers. Even if there are more vehicles in the future, the energy consumption pressure would not necessarily rise. Hybrid Kinetic Group’s eco-sustainable principles are in line with and beneficial to the livelihood of people and well-being of society, which will help realize “development in harmony, and harmony for development”.

Eliminating range anxiety and breaking the industry development bottleneck

The key to revitalization of a nation lies in the enhancement of overall national strength and improvement of peoples’ livelihood. But development is often accompanied by environment impact and resource depletion, contradicting the goal of building a harmonious society. Eco-sustainable development is the only viable path towards a nation’s future. However, as one of China’s seven new strategic industries, the development of clean energy automobiles has been plagued by the problem of range anxiety.

HK clean energy vehicles are equipped with micro-turbine generator range extenders that can provide clean electricity to the vehicles and charge the batteries anytime and anywhere, freeing the vehicles from charging stations or facilities. This will fundamentally change the status quo of reliance on charging infrastructure and need for grid support, thus removing the development bottleneck of the clean energy automobile industry.

Facilitating circular economy for social benefits with a far-reaching vision on environment protection

HK clean energy vehicles are equipped with micro-turbine generator range extenders that boast life expectancy of 50,000 hours and maintenance interval of 10,000 hours. The super batteries have a lifespan of 50,000 DOD charging cycles. The long lifespan of range extenders, batteries, and motors allows them to be recycled. This not only lowers cost but also reduces secondary environmental impact, which is the perfect embodiment of Hybrid Kinetic Group’s vision of environment protection.

Benefiting the people with sharing economy through financial innovation

Hybrid Kinetic Group has always placed equal importance on technological development and financial innovation. Core components can be bought back and used in a circular way at the end of vehicle life to avoid resource waste and reduce financial burden for consumers. This is a perfect rendering of “combination of automobile and financial innovation”, and sets an example for sharing economy.

Alleviating pressures on the grid and facilitating eco-sustainable development

As the national GDP grows, supply of electricity faces growing challenges. Building or expanding hydro power, fire power, nuclear power plants or electricity transmission networks seems to be the inevitable solution. HK clean energy vehicles are equipped with super battery systems that can store and recover energy. In “Vehicle to Home” or “Vehicle to Vehicle” modes, HK vehicles can serve as emergency power sources for families and communities or provide charging services to other electric cars, working as a node in the distributed power network. In the “Vehicle to Grid” mode, HK vehicles can provide modulation service to the grid by storing electricity when demand is low and feeding electricity back to the grid when demand is high.

Source: http://www.hkmotors.com/en/news/detail.aspx?id=167

 

 

 

 

 

 

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India aiming for all-electric car fleet by 2030, petrol and diesel banned http://revolution-green.com/india-aiming-electric-car-fleet-2030-petrol-diesel-banned/ http://revolution-green.com/india-aiming-electric-car-fleet-2030-petrol-diesel-banned/#respond Mon, 01 May 2017 06:37:07 +0000 http://revolution-green.com/?p=15432 This is an ambitious project but possible. I have featured stories on India having the largest solar farm in the world, and the willingness to reinvent itself. This is another ambitious goal and I believe they may be able to do it. Not a single petrol or diesel car should be sold in the country […]

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This is an ambitious project but possible. I have featured stories on India having the largest solar farm in the world, and the willingness to reinvent itself. This is another ambitious goal and I believe they may be able to do it.

Not a single petrol or diesel car should be sold in the country

India is looking at having an all-electric car fleet by 2030 with an express objective of lowering the fuel import bill and running cost of vehicles. “We are going to introduce electric vehicles in a very big way. We are going to make electric vehicles self- sufficient like Unnat Jyoti by Affordable LEDs for All (UJALA). The idea is that by 2030, not a single petrol or diesel car should be sold in the country,” power minister Piyush Goyal said while addressing the CII Annual Session 2017 in New Delhi on Saturday.

Goyal is of the view that initially the government can handhold the electric vehicle industry for 2-3 years to help it stabilise. Citing the example of Maruti, which has logged over 30% profit this time, he explained that the government had supported India’s largest car maker initially, which eventually led to development of the big automotive industry in the country.

Goyal said that the ministry of heavy industries and the NITI Aayog are working on a policy for promotion of electric vehicles. The minister pointed to the cost factor, saying people would like to buy electric vehicle when they find it cost effective. About offshore wind projects, Goyal said these are more like an R&D project. The minister suggested that big public sector undertakings (PSUs), including NTPC, can initially invest in such projects that will lead to development of this segment in coming years.

Goyal said that in the last 3 years, India’s energy consumption has grown by about 6.5% compounded annual growth rate (CAGR), more than the figure for the last 10 years. He said, “Through UJALA, the LED distribution programme, we have already seen about 500 million LED bulbs sold in the last two years. My job is to improve India’s energy efficiency to reduce consumption wherever it is wasteful and ensure that demand is met fully.”

He made a point that Ujwal DISCOM Assurance Yojana (UDAY) has not been just about financial re-engineering but financial discipline. The UDAY scheme is meant for revival of debt stressed discoms.

Drivers

The key driver to any paradigm shift like this is not environmental but economic. Many countries have a major trade deficit caused by the importation of fossil fuels often crippling internal finances. The shift to renewable energies not only stops the bleeding, but helps lower pollution levels in the cities (forget about global warming). The shift to all electric fleet is an extension of this.

To do this they need energy and a lot of it. They already have the worlds largest solar farm, are building offshore wind turbines and have the world first safe Thorium nuclear reactor being commissioned for electricity production.

They may not achieve the goal, but it is a good ambition to have.

 

 

 

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Discovery of a facile process for Hydrogen (H2) production using ammonia as a carrier http://revolution-green.com/discovery-facile-process-hydrogen-h2-production-using-ammonia-carrier/ http://revolution-green.com/discovery-facile-process-hydrogen-h2-production-using-ammonia-carrier/#comments Sun, 30 Apr 2017 10:50:31 +0000 http://revolution-green.com/?p=15429 Hydrogen (H2) has attracted considerable attention as a clean energy source because the only by-product of its reaction with oxygen is water, and high efficiency for energy conversion is achieved when it is combined with fuel cell technologies. However its difficult to transport and store because of its low energy density as a gas or […]

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Hydrogen (H2) has attracted considerable attention as a clean energy source because the only by-product of its reaction with oxygen is water, and high efficiency for energy conversion is achieved when it is combined with fuel cell technologies. However its difficult to transport and store because of its low energy density as a gas or even as liquid hydrogen. This may be a solution.

Solving the issues

The low volumetric density and the dangers of transporting and handling H2 are drawbacks for commercial applications. These problems could be eliminated by using as a H2 storage medium (H2 carrier).However, low volumetric density and the dangers of transporting and handling H2 are drawbacks for commercial applications. These problems could be eliminated by using as a H2 storage medium (H2 carrier).

H2 produced from ammonia is utilized in fuel cells, engines, and turbines. However, the adoption of ammonia as a H2 carrier, especially for household and transportable devices, has been limited due to the lack of an efficient for producing H2 and nitrogen by ammonia decomposition.

To overcome this limitation, the research team, led by Dr. Katsutoshi Nagaoka and Dr. Katsutoshi Sato, set out to develop a process that could be initiated rapidly, and that could produce H2 at a high rate without the need for external heat.

They found that H2 can be produced by supplying ammonia and oxygen at room temperature to a pre-treated RuO2/γ-Al2O3 catalyst without external heating. The heat evolves by ammonia adsorption onto this catalyst, increasing it to the catalytic auto-ignition temperature of ammonia. Subsequently, production of H2 by oxidative decomposition of ammonia begins. In this process, once the is initiated, it can start again repeatedly even if there is no external heat supply because adsorbed ammonia is desorbed during the reaction.

Dr. Nagaoka said, “Our discovery utilizes a simple fundamental physicochemical process, namely adsorption, to operate a reaction with minimal energy input. We expect this to contribute to the development of efficient, carbon-free energy production and thus to global solutions for energy and climate crises.”

Provided by: Oita University

Further Reading : Flipping the switch on ammonia production: Process generates electricity instead of consuming energy

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Superfuel” is 1,693X More Powerful Than Gasoline ? http://revolution-green.com/superfuel-1693x-powerful-gasoline/ http://revolution-green.com/superfuel-1693x-powerful-gasoline/#comments Sun, 30 Apr 2017 10:26:59 +0000 http://revolution-green.com/?p=15426 The Claim: This Breakthrough  “OBL Superfuel” is 1,693X More Powerful Than Gasoline Unearthed in the Andes Mountains, these mysterious crystals contain what MIT researchers call energy’s “Holy Grail.” And they could ignite a $7.2 trillion economic revolution! Well the answer is no and the superfuel is is a bunch of Pixie Dust.  In Reality OBL is lithium […]

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The Claim: This Breakthrough  “OBL Superfuel” is 1,693X More Powerful Than Gasoline Unearthed in the Andes Mountains, these mysterious crystals contain what MIT researchers call energy’s “Holy Grail.” And they could ignite a $7.2 trillion economic revolution!

Well the answer is no and the superfuel is is a bunch of Pixie Dust. 

In Reality OBL is lithium brine (found in salt lakes that have high concentrations of lithium) or their geologic deposits in the form of salts like lithium carbonate or lithium chloride. These raw materials are used to make lithium-ion batteries, common in cell phones and increasingly in demand for electric cars. A post at Stock Gumshoe makes a detailed case for concluding OBL is actually this resource, and the stated locations of the deposits (the Andes and Nevada)

The following article is a lot of bunk. I only posted a part of it Link to full article or infomercial:

https://pro.moneymappress.com/p/EADLTM2/PEADT4AM/Full?iris=668291&src=yahoo&ad=zb1-wostdo-l1&test_id=1493389765725&_ga=1.184873129.1474792585.1493468498&h=true

Link debunking the article and related video: http://www.snopes.com/new-superfuel/

Article

From the desk of a U.S. State Department Energy Advisor:

This Breakthrough “Superfuel” is 1,693X More Powerful Than Gasoline

Unearthed in the Andes Mountains, these mysterious crystals contain
what MIT researchers call energy’s “Holy Grail.” 
And they could ignite a $7.2 trillion economic revolution!


A discovery made 13,000 feet up in the Andes Mountains is going to forever alter the global energy industry.

Take a look at the picture. The locals call the mysterious crystals you see here “Oro Blanco.”   Translated, that’s “White Gold.”

However, Goldman Sachs has a different name for it. “The new gasoline.”
– Goldman Sachs But that may very well be the understatement of the century.  You see, Oro Blanco is 1,693-times more powerful than the gasoline that runs your car. Which is why Goldman Sachs is predicting it will eventually “replace gasoline as the primary source of transportation fuel.”

But MIT, Forbes, and The Daily Mail have made an even bolder declaration. “The Holy Grail” – MIT, Forbes, The Daily MailThey believe unlocking this crystal fuel’s potential is akin to discovering “The Holy Grail.”And in a few moments, you are going to agree with them.Especially, if you decide to become one of the early investors who get in on the ground floor of this energy source.

Because it’s set to create a new generation of millionaires. And you could be one of them.

Now before we delve into this amazing situation, I need to tell you something. And it might give you a temporary case of sticker shock.This superfuel will run you $49 a gallon.   At first it sounds pricey. But Oro Blanco, what I call “OBL,” is actually one of the greatest bargains you’ll ever come across.Check this out. Let’s say you own a typical mid-sized American car. So you can probably drive about 25 miles on a gallon of gasoline.

Maybe 40-50 if it’s a hybrid-electric model like a Toyota Prius. Care to guess what would happen if you retrofitted your car to run on OBL? 50 miles to the gallon? Maybe 100 MPG? Or 500 MPG?

Not even close.

I’d like for you to imagine:

  • Pulling into your local gas station on empty
  • Putting only a single gallon of this superfuel in your tank
  • And driving 42,325 miles before having to stop at that same gas station again.

That’s like driving from New York City to Los Angeles and back SEVEN times on a single gallon.

chart

So you’re probably asking yourself, “how is this even possible?”

I’ll give you two reasons. One of them is simple science. And the other sounds like magic. First off, this crystal fuel can withstand extreme temperatures. Consider gasoline. It might start boiling at 104 degrees Fahrenheit.   When it does, some amounts will evaporate.That’s potential fuel that is vanishing into thin air.    OBL doesn’t have this problem.It doesn’t boil until it hits 2,457 degrees Fahrenheit.

chart

So it utilizes its full energy potential, while remaining stable at temperatures much higher than any car engine can produce.

Now, the second reason. This is the secret that gives these tiny crystals the ability to contain such an immense amount of energy. Astrophysicists have observed “OBL” being produced by dwarf stars and cosmic rays colliding.

chart

The explosion is so intense, it causes the stars to burn up to 100,000 times brighter than they did before.  It also sets off a Galactic process known as stellar nucleosynthesis, which gives birth to this superfuel. Now obviously, if this was the only way in which OBL formed, we’d be fresh out of luck. After all, mining asteroids and energy exploration missions in outer space are a ways off.

Fortunately, here on earth, OBL is created by another violent event. The collision of tectonic plates deep in our planet’s crust.T hese seismic forces produce a mysterious crystallized substance that is very powerful and very rare. It’s present in just .0007% of the earth’s crust. And only under perfect conditions is it able to make the journey to the surface. Which is why it primarily exists in the Andes Mountains.

In very acute areas of this region, tectonic plates will shift, twisting the ground above like a wrung towel and leaching a liquefied mixture of OBL through the rocks. It then bubbles up and settles into hydrothermal pools. Over time, the arid climate will cause the water in these celestial ponds to evaporate. And what’s left behind is OBL.

chart

It is so light that it floats on water. It’s so soft that it can be cut with a butter knife. And its “energy density” is unrivaled.

Here’s a way to understand this.

  • Just imagine every solar installation that currently exists in every country.
  • Now imagine multiplying those installations by 1,000.
  • In one year’s time, OBL could double that total energy production.

This is why the titans of industry are now rushing to secure strategic reserves. Recently, every major auto manufacturer has journeyed to the Andes Mountains.

They’re waging what the locals call:

“La Guerra.”
Translation: The War over OBL.

And the battle lines are being drawn. Volkswagen has announced plans to produce two-to-three million cars per year… all powered by this crystal fuel. Ford’s CEO, Mark Fields, wants to convert almost HALF of his fleet to run on it. Chevy, Honda, Mercedes, BMW, Jaguar, Land Rover, Lincoln – you name it.

  • Experts now believe “OBL” will soon power 35 out of every 100 new cars…
  • And it will add half a trillion dollars in new revenue to the auto industry virtually overnight.

So with every major car company fighting to secure as much of this rare substance as they can, “La Guerra” is heating up. And they’re not just competing with each other! The applications of OBL go far beyond the automotive industry.

In short, OBL is a “universal fuel.” It can be used for everything. And it will soon be everywhere.

chart

  • This year it was announced “OBL” will become the fuel of the international space station. And it won’t need a refill until at least 2024.
  • The Pentagon has categorized it as a “strategic” fuel. And because it’s a critical element in our most advanced weaponry, military stockpiles have been classified a “state secret.”
  • OBL is also in the early stages of being integrated into the U.S. electrical grid. It is so efficient that it would take less than six cement trucks-worth to power the ENTIRE country during peak hours.

chart

  • Even cellphone manufacturers are now planning to use OBL-enhanced technology to power tens of millions of mobile devices. This crystal fuel will enable them to transmit signals 30-times farther and 1,000-times faster.

This superfuel could also make the United States’ dream of complete energy independence a reality. Scientists have developed a way for OBL to exponentially increase the power production of every domestic energy source. That includes oil, natural gas, solar, wind, geothermal, nuclear, hydro… all of the above and more.And as you’re about to see, even though the hotbed for this crystal fuel is in the Andes Mountains, it’s the United States that has outmaneuvered other nations to control it. We’re going to be the biggest benefactors.

And it’s going to put complete energy independence within our grasp. Now, as you can imagine, this has sent shockwaves throughout the ranks of the OPEC cartel. The oil derricks that span the deserts of the Middle East have lined the pockets of sheiks and the Saudi Royal Family with untold riches for decades.

But according to reports from media outlets like CNBC, whoever controls OBL will be able to form “the new OPEC.”

chart

So the Kingdom has been forced into a desperate game of catch up. Saudi Arabia has partnered with Japan’s SoftBank in a massive joint venture. It’s launching this year with $20 billion earmarked for OBL technology. But American companies have already beat them to the punch.

Google was one of the first to capitalize on this energy phenomenon. The search giant has 61,814 employees in offices spanning every major country.  And Google has plotted out a $1.8 billion plan to independently produce 100% of its own energy.   OBL is a central piece of this plan.

Walmart is undertaking a similar mission… and is projecting to SAVE as much as $1 billion per year!

chart

Apple has put up $1 billion  with the hope of using OBL-powered technology to save many, many times that amount. So has Total S.A., one of the top 10 largest oil companies in the world.   But these four giants aren’t alone…

  • Facebook
  • Amazon
  • AT&T
  • Costco
  • Target
  • KaiserPermanente
  • Johnson &Johnson
  • FedEx

They are all making major investments in OBL-related initiatives.

Meanwhile, many of the richest and most famous businessmen are getting in for a different reason…OBL’s nearly unlimited profit potential!

Take Peter Thiel. Thiel is the famed venture capitalist behind Facebook and PayPal. And today he’s President Donald Trump’s tech advisor. It was recently announced that Thiel’s firm led a $15 million investment in an OBL technology start-up. Warren Buffett,  Elon Musk, and Sir James Dyson are all vying to win the race for this superfuel as well.But they’re going to face stiff competition from other members of the billionaire’s club. Bill Gates and his friends just anteed up…
and their opening bet is $1 billion!

Gates has assembled a veritable All-Star team of successful entrepreneurs who are pushing their financial muscle into OBL-related ventures.He’s partnered with:

Jeff Bezos, founder and CEO of Amazon
Ray Dalio, founder of the world’s most successful hedge fund
Mark Zuckerberg, founder and CEO of Facebook
Richard Branson, founder of Virgin Group
Jack Ma, Executive Chairman of Alibaba Group
Reid Hoffman, Co-founder of LinkedIn
Meg Whitman, CEO of Hewlett Packard
Marc Benioff, CEO of Salesforce.com
Michael Bloomberg, CEO of Bloomberg
Hasso Plattner, Co-founder of SAP
George Soros, Chairman of Soros Fund Management

Together they’re putting up $1 billion just to kick things off.    But they aren’t even the biggest group that’s angling to make a killing from this superfuel . An international group called Mission Innovation will be investing $30 billion a year by 2021.

In short, an incredible amount of capital is going into rapidly expanding innovations that will require OBL.

Fact Check

Please read the analysis of this article at :  http://www.snopes.com/new-superfuel/

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NRL breakthrough enables safer alternative to lithium-ion batteries http://revolution-green.com/nrl-breakthrough-enables-safer-alternative-lithium-ion-batteries/ http://revolution-green.com/nrl-breakthrough-enables-safer-alternative-lithium-ion-batteries/#comments Fri, 28 Apr 2017 13:55:41 +0000 http://revolution-green.com/?p=15422 Another breakthrough !!!!!! (I really do not like this word)  This got my attention however:  “cycling cells more than 50,000 times in short duty-cycles with intermittent power bursts, similar to how batteries are used in some hybrid vehicles.” Researchers at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory’s (NRL) Chemistry Division have developed a safer alternative to fire-prone […]

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Another breakthrough !!!!!! (I really do not like this word)  This got my attention however:  “cycling cells more than 50,000 times in short duty-cycles with intermittent power bursts, similar to how batteries are used in some hybrid vehicles.”

Researchers at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory’s (NRL) Chemistry Division have developed a safer alternative to fire-prone lithium-ion batteries, which were recently banned for some applications on Navy ships and other military platforms.

The NRL team Debra R. Rolison (2nd from left), Jeffrey W. Long (center), and Joseph F. Parker (4th from left) were recognized June 22, 2016 by now-acting Secretary of the Navy Sean J. Stackley (far left), and Delores Etter (far right) with Dr. Delores M. Etter Awards for their work in cracking a centuries-old problem and transforming the future capabilities and performance of the entire family of Zinc-based alkaline batteries. Their batteries reached lithium ion-equivalent performance, in a nonflammable, aqueous-based battery thereby meeting the goal of a robust, energy dense, and safe battery that relies on nonstrategic, earth-abundant elements. CREDIT: U.S. Navy / Matthew Poynor

 

Energy content and rechargeability that rival lithium-ion batteries

Joseph Parker, Jeffrey Long, and Debra Rolison from NRL’s Advanced Electrochemical Materials group are leading an effort to create an entire family of safer, water-based, zinc batteries. They have demonstrated a breakthrough for nickel-zinc (Ni-Zn) batteries in which a three-dimensional (3-D) Zn “sponge” replaces the powdered zinc anode traditionally used. With 3-D Zn, the battery provides an energy content and rechargeability that rival lithium-ion batteries while avoiding the safety issues that continue to plague lithium.

Their research appears in the April 28th, 2017 issue of Science, the premiere journal of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Additional contributors to this research article include former NRL staff scientist, Christopher Chervin, National Research Council postdoctoral associate, Irina Pala, as well as industry partners Meinrad Machler and CEO of EnZinc, Inc., Michael Burz.

“Our team at the NRL pioneered the architectural approach to the redesign of electrodes for next-generation energy storage,” said Dr. Rolison, senior scientist and principal investigator on the project. “The 3-D sponge form factor allows us to reimagine zinc, a well-known battery material, for the 21st century.”

Zinc-based batteries are the go-to global battery for single-use applications, but are not considered rechargeable in practice due to their tendency to grow conductive whiskers (dendrites) inside the battery, which can grow long enough to cause short circuits.

“The key to realizing rechargeable zinc-based batteries lies in controlling the behavior of the zinc during cycling,” said Parker, lead author on the paper. “Electric currents are more uniformly distributed within the sponge, making it physically difficult to form dendrites.”

Cycling cells more than 50,000 times in short duty-cycles with intermittent power bursts

The NRL team demonstrated Ni-3-D Zn performance in three ways: extending lifetime in single-use cells; cycling cells more than 100 times at an energy content competitive with lithium-ion batteries; and cycling cells more than 50,000 times in short duty-cycles with intermittent power bursts, similar to how batteries are used in some hybrid vehicles.

With the benefits of rechargeability, the 3-D Zn sponge is ready to be deployed within the entire family of Zn-based alkaline batteries across the civilian and military sectors. “We can now offer an energy-relevant alternative, from drop-in replacements for lithium-ion to new opportunities in portable and wearable power, and manned and unmanned electric vehicles,” said Dr. Long, “while reducing safety hazards, easing transportation restrictions, and using earth-abundant materials.”

Reference

NRL’s work is funded by the Office of Naval Research and the Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy.

For more information on the Ni-Zn technology, please contact NRL’s Technology Transfer Office at techtran@research.nrl.navy.mil.

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y 2020, renewable energy will be largest single source says IEA http://revolution-green.com/y-2020-renewable-energy-will-largest-single-source-says-iea/ http://revolution-green.com/y-2020-renewable-energy-will-largest-single-source-says-iea/#respond Fri, 28 Apr 2017 13:07:08 +0000 http://revolution-green.com/?p=14938 I am going through some articles we forgot to publish. Some are a little out of date. We also had to withdraw two articles with threat of legal action, more on that latter. Some people do not like it when we question claims of more energy in that out. Kind Regards Mark The following article […]

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I am going through some articles we forgot to publish. Some are a little out of date. We also had to withdraw two articles with threat of legal action, more on that latter. Some people do not like it when we question claims of more energy in that out. Kind Regards Mark

The following article is by   

The International Energy Agency projected that renewable energy will represent the largest single source of electricity growth by the end of the decade. Several factors are expected to contribute to the increasing adoption of green energy, including falling costs, expansion in emerging economies, continuous technological innovations that make energy generation and preservation more efficient and effective, as well as growing investments in alternative energy sources.

According to a report by Sandler Research, the global renewable energy investment market to exceed $350 billion by 2020. Investments in the solar and wind energy are increasing considerably. Looking at the US market, the Solar Investment Tax Credit (ITC) has provided industry stability and growth since 2006 where it has experienced a CAGR of about 60%. Investments and new state policies favoring green energy provide companies with the opportunity to increase their R&D and marketing efforts, which helps greater innovation potential. Solarwindow Technologies Inc., Corning Inc, Covanta Holding Corp., Pattern Energy Group Inc., SunPower Corp.

The Logan Gap wind farm is one of Pattern Energy’s holdings

A report by Grand View Research points out that wind technology is economical today in majority power markets and that accomplishments of green marketing in harnessing wind power, has given rise to the domestic public interest in the sustainable electric generation technology.

Photovoltaics, best known as a method for generating electric power by using solar cells, have also generated interest, but the future of solar is in future technologies. The research indicates that the idea of zero energy homes also known as solar building homes has been trending. Solar building technologies supply heat, electricity, light, hot water, and cooling to residential and commercial buildings. Besides wind and solar, another alternative energy source expected to attract more attention is the Waste to Energy (WTE). Global Market Insights projects the WTE market size to surpass $33 Billion by 2023, growing at CAGR of 6.1%.

Solarwindow Technologies Inc. creates transparent electricity-generating liquid coatings. When applied to glass or plastics, these coatings convert passive windows and other materials into electricity generators under natural, artificial, low, shaded, and even reflected light conditions. The company’s liquid coating technology has been presented to members of the U.S. Congress and has received recognition in numerous industry publications. The SolarWindow technology has been independently validated to generate 50-times the power of a conventional rooftop solar system when modeled on a 50-story building and achieves a one-year payback.

Previously, Solarwindow Technologies Inc. announced their plans to “develop electricity-generating flexible glass. The company’s scientists and engineers recently applied layers of the company’s liquid coatings on to Corning Willow Glass and laminated them under conditions that simulate the high pressure and temperatures of the manufacturing processes used by commercial glass and window producers. The result is a bendable glass ‘veneer’, as thin as a business card, which generates electricity. The company anticipates installing these sheets of electricity-generating glass veneers over existing skyscraper windows, turning entire buildings into vertical power generators and helping reduce their carbon footprint.” The Corning Willow Glass is developed by Corning Incorporated, a company with expertise in specialty glass, ceramics, and optical physics.

Earlier in February, Solarwindow Technologies announced that it has been named a winner in the 2017 BIG Innovation Awards presented by the Business Intelligence Group. “The BIG Innovation Awards recognize companies and people who bring new ideas to life and change the way we experience the world. Organizations from across the globe submitted their innovations for consideration in the 2017 BIG Innovation Awards. Nominations were then judged by a select group of business leaders and executives who volunteer their time and expertise to score submissions and provide feedback.”

Covanta Holding Corporation provides sustainable waste and energy solutions. Yearly, Covanta’s modern Energy-from-Waste facilities safely convert roughly 20 million tons of waste from municipalities and businesses into clean, renewable electricity to power one million homes and recycle approximately 500,000 tons of metal.  Through a vast network of treatment and recycling facilities, Covanta also provides comprehensive industrial material management services to companies seeking solutions to some of the most complex environmental challenges we face, today. For the twelve months ended December 31, 2016, total revenue increased by $54 million to $1.699 billion from $1.645 billion in 2015.  Overall, higher waste and service revenue more than offset a decline in energy revenue.

Pattern Energy Group Inc has a portfolio of 18 wind power facilities, including one it has agreed to acquire, with a total owned interest of 2,644 MW in the United States, Canada and Chile that use proven, best-in-class technology. Pattern Energy’s wind power facilities generate stable long-term cash flows in attractive markets and provide a solid foundation for the continued growth of the business.

SunPower Corp. and Cajon Valley Union School District will work together to construct its SunPower Helix solar systems at 24 school sites in the El Cajon region of San Diego County. The solar installations totaling 4.6 megawatts will mostly include carports, as well as a few rooftop systems, and should be operational by the end of 2017. “With CVUSD’s solar investment, we continue to enrich both our schools and our communities by generating clean, renewable energy which will help save on electricity costs and improve our local environment,” said Assistant Superintendent of Business Services at Cajon Valley Union School District, Scott Buxbaum. “After reviewing qualifications and proposals from six firms, we are very pleased to have selected SunPower’s proposal as the best value to the District. Their team has been great to work with.”

Source: http://www.windpowerengineering.com/dw-sync/2020-renewable-energy-will-largest-single-source-says-iea/

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New method to create the next fuel-efficient renewable energy http://revolution-green.com/new-method-create-next-fuel-efficient-renewable-energy/ http://revolution-green.com/new-method-create-next-fuel-efficient-renewable-energy/#respond Fri, 28 Apr 2017 13:00:37 +0000 http://revolution-green.com/?p=15360 Using methanol, scientists aim to generate energy cells that move cars, warm houses and help produce food Carbon-neutral method Scientists have long struggled with generating and storing hydrogen, the kind that might one day provide the backbone for renewable energy fuel cells that make our cars move, warm our houses and help produce food, in […]

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Using methanol, scientists aim to generate energy cells that move cars, warm houses and help produce food

USC scientists have found a way to tap hydrogen fuel from methanol without producing concurrent carbon. CREDIT: via G. K. Surya Prakash

Carbon-neutral method

Scientists have long struggled with generating and storing hydrogen, the kind that might one day provide the backbone for renewable energy fuel cells that make our cars move, warm our houses and help produce food, in a way that also won’t hasten climate change or otherwise harm the environment.

In research published earlier this year in the Journal of the American Chemical Society, chemists at the USC Loker Hydrocarbon Research Institute outlined a carbon-neutral method for doing just that, with a little help from the simplest alcohol known to man: methanol.

Senior author G. K. Surya Prakash, 1994 Nobel Prize in Chemistry winner Olah in his last major paper and their team at the USC Dornsife College of Letters, Arts and Sciences devised a way to produce and store hydrogen from methanol, without concurrent production of either carbon monoxide or carbon dioxide, by trapping it in organic derivatives of ammonia called amines.

The well-known steam reforming process usually used to extract hydrogen from methanol, called the methanol reformer, traditionally produces carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide as part of this extraction process. Carbon dioxide is a greenhouse gas that causes global warming and ocean acidification.

The research demonstrates just one more way carbon has been freed from the cycle of creating and storing fuels via methanol, supporting Olah and Prakash’s long-standing vision of a completely renewable “methanol economy.”

Reducing reliance on carbon-emitting fossil fuels

“The Methanol Economy” is a concept that the Olah-Prakash team first began refining in the mid-1990s, right after the time Olah became USC’s first Nobel laureate for his contributions to carbocations, the name that Olah himself coined for ions that have a positively charged carbon atom.

According to Olah and Prakash, the goal of a methanol-based economy would be to develop renewable sources of energy, led by methanol, that could mitigate the problem of climate change caused by carbon emissions, as well as the U.S. dependence on other countries for energy, particularly oil.

The need to offset crude oil consumption has only grown in the intervening decades since Olah and Prakash began their research. At that time, global consumption of oil was around 70 million barrels; that number is expected to be about 100 million as early as next year.

Countries like China have already begun the transition away from petroleum. At the beginning of the century, methanol use there was negligible but now accounts for more than 500,000 barrels each day, though much of it is coal-based, which can create its own problematic carbon runoff.

The research of Prakash, Olah and their team has been focused on finding a way to extract hydrogen fuel from methanol in ways that are not only carbon-neutral, but can even be carbon-positive.

The roots of a carbon-free future

Methanol, sometimes called “wood alcohol,” is the simplest alcohol that can be produced, requiring only water, carbon dioxide and energy.

While methanol stores half the energy of traditional petroleum-based gasoline, the light that burns half as bright also burns more cleanly, with no soot, particulates or other residue. According to the Environmental Protection Agency, the combustion of methanol also generally produces less deleterious greenhouse gases in the form of nitrogen oxides.

Methanol quickly biodegrades. It has traditionally been produced from natural gas and can be corrosive to older automobile tubing and casing, though much less so to newer generations of automobiles. Methanol is a more efficient fuel to replace gasoline or diesel, but it provides fewer miles to the gallon because of its lower energy density.

Methanol has also long been prized by race car drivers for its higher octane on shorter tracks and because it produces clearer smoke, preventing pileups. Also, unlike typical petroleum-based gasoline, water is effective in fighting methanol-based fires, though those clean-burning fires often appear invisible in daylight. However, additives can also easily be added to methanol to increase visibility.

Methanol is also already employed in the raw chemical production of all petroleum-based chemicals and products.

In a testament to its elegance, simplicity and ubiquity, methanol naturally occurs in small amounts in the Earth’s atmosphere, and there are even huge clouds of it floating in the star-forming regions of space. Olah, Prakash and colleagues published research last year examining the differences between the formation of methanol both terrestrially and extraterrestrially.

Prakash, who worked with Olah for more than 40 years, said “Olah was a giant of a chemist and a great visionary who had a prophetic approach to solve tough problems. He had remarkable memory and was quite intuitive. He was very well-read, he knew history and philosophy and appreciated music and the arts. He was a voracious reader. He can be described as a Renaissance man.”

Reference

Senior research associate Alain Gopeppert, graduate assistants Jotheeswari Kothandaraman and Sayan Kar, and a summer intern, Raktim Sen, all of USC Dornsife, also contributed to this study.

The research was supported by the USC Loker Hydrocarbon Research Institute and can be found online http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jacs.6b11637.

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The Bubble Battery: Video captures bubble-blowing battery in action http://revolution-green.com/bubble-battery-video-captures-bubble-blowing-battery-action/ http://revolution-green.com/bubble-battery-video-captures-bubble-blowing-battery-action/#respond Thu, 27 Apr 2017 11:53:38 +0000 http://revolution-green.com/?p=15407 Researchers propose how bubbles form, could lead to smaller lithium-air batteries I am not sure if the use of the words lead to are as bad as breakthrough (comment Asterix?)   Three times the energy capacity by weight With about three times the energy capacity by weight of today’s lithium-ion batteries, lithium-air batteries could one […]

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Researchers propose how bubbles form, could lead to smaller lithium-air batteries

I am not sure if the use of the words lead to are as bad as breakthrough (comment Asterix?)

PNNL researcher Chongmin Wang and colleagues have developed the first step-by-step explanation of how a lithium-air battery forms bubbles, which expand the battery and create wear and tear that can cause it to fail. The research was aided by an environmental transmission electron microscope (shown here), which enabled the creation of a first-of-a-kind video that shows bubbles inflating and later deflating inside a nanobattery. CREDIT: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

 

Three times the energy capacity by weight

With about three times the energy capacity by weight of today’s lithium-ion batteries, lithium-air batteries could one day enable electric cars to drive farther on a single charge.

But the technology has several holdups, including losing energy as it stores and releases its charge. If researchers could better understand the basic reactions that occur as the battery charges and discharges, the battery’s performance could be improved. One reaction that hasn’t been fully explained is how oxygen blows bubbles inside a lithium-air battery when it discharges. The bubbles expand the battery and create wear and tear that can cause it to fail.

A new paper in Nature Nanotechnology provides the first step-by-step explanation of how lithium-air batteries form bubbles. The research was aided by a first-of-a-kind video that shows bubbles inflating and later deflating inside a nanobattery. Researchers had previously only seen the bubbles, but not how they were created.

 

“If we fully understand the bubble formation process, we could build better lithium-air batteries that create fewer bubbles,” noted the paper’s corresponding author, Chongmin Wang, of the Department of Energy’s Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. “The result could be more compact and stable batteries that hold onto their charge longer.”

Wang works out of EMSL, the Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory, a DOE Office of Science user facility located at PNNL. His co-authors include other PNNL staff and a researcher from Tianjin Polytechnic University in China.

The team’s unique video may be a silent black-and-white film, but it provides plenty of action. Popping out from the battery’s flat surface is a grey bubble that grows bigger and bigger. Later, the bubble deflates, the top turning inside of itself until only a scrunched-up shell is left behind.

The popcorn-worthy flick was captured with an in-situ environmental transmission electron microscope at EMSL. Wang and his colleagues built their tiny battery inside the microscope’s column. This enabled them to watch as the battery charged and discharged inside.

Video evidence led the team to propose that as the battery discharges, a sphere of lithium superoxide jets out from the battery’s positive electrode and becomes coated with lithium oxide. The sphere’s superoxide interior then goes through a chemical reaction that forms lithium peroxide and oxygen. Oxygen gas is also released and inflates the bubble. When the battery charges, lithium peroxide decomposes, and leaves the former bubble to look like a deflated balloon.

This finding was the focus of a Nature News & Views column written by researchers at Korea’s Hanyang University, who describe the research as “a solid foundation for future Li?O2 battery designs and optimization.”

Reference

This research was supported by DOE’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy.

PAPER: Langli Luo, Bin Liu, Shidong Song, Wu Xu, Ji-Guang Zhang, Chongmin Wang, “Revealing the reaction mechanisms of Li-O2 batteries using environmental transmission electron microscopy,” Nature Nanotechnology, March 27, 2017, doi:10.1038/nnano.2017.27, http://www.nature.com/nnano/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nnano.2017.27.html.

NEWS & VIEWS: Yang-Kook Sun and Chong S. Yoon, “Lithium-oxygen batteries: The reaction mechanism revealed,” Nature Nanotechnology, March 27, 2017, doi:10.1038/nnano.2017.40, http://www.nature.com/nnano/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nnano.2017.40.html

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Ultra dense fusion: 450 times or more the energy output as input http://revolution-green.com/ultra-dense-fusion-450-times-energy-output-input/ http://revolution-green.com/ultra-dense-fusion-450-times-energy-output-input/#comments Thu, 27 Apr 2017 03:06:48 +0000 http://revolution-green.com/?p=15410 This is above my pay scale but worthy of further reading; Published by:  ATOM ECOLOGY Claim: Metals filled with hydrogen and deuterium are teased with a green laser. The result is incredible energy release by a form of nuclear fusion never, well almost never, before described. This provides the excess heat, some 450 times or […]

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This is above my pay scale but worthy of further reading; Published by:  ATOM ECOLOGY

Claim: Metals filled with hydrogen and deuterium are teased with a green laser. The result is incredible energy release by a form of nuclear fusion never, well almost never, before described. This provides the excess heat, some 450 times or more the energy output as input

Leif Holmlid, Professor emeritus Atmospheric Science, Department of Chemistry, University of Gothenburg

 

Mesons from Laser-Induced Processes in Ultra Dense Hydrogen

“Mesons from Laser-Induced Processes in Ultra Dense Hydrogen H(0)” – Leif Holmlid – Published: January 12, in PLOS ONE. It seems a very unusual form of ultra dense fusion is in hand in an incredibly simple to reproduce form with all the precision particle physics anyone might ever demand to substantiate it.

Like a few others working on experiments with hydrogen loaded metals, aka ultra-dense states of hydrogen, Holmlid added a simple dimension of teasing the UDH (ultra dense hydrogen) with a green laser, something many have tried. What Holmlid did that is of such extraordinary substance is that he wrapped his experiment with the most sophisticated observational instruments imaginable. He is a true perfectionist scientist and his results offer proof of his experimentalist skills. He sought the data that would speak for itself and he gathered it.

What Holmlid’s data speaks of is that in the complex environment that is solid state matter (metals) filled with ultra dense hydrogen the complexity of the atom ecology therein defies being dumbed down into a singular form. There is an entire zoo of strange behaviour taking place and most assuredly the one behaviour that is NOT taking place is simply ordinary fusion. Most striking of all are the observations of strange, here-to-fore, crazy mischugenon particles, that are almost like nothing we’ve seen before.

ultra dense fusion

Holmlid’s emission data proves nuclear processes result when a very weak green laser illuminates a metal filled with ultra dense hydrogen 

Solid state fusion

Holmlid’s body of work going back a decade is amongst the most advanced in the field of the atom ecology of ultra dense hydrogen and the unusual fusion that is so characteristic of that field. His work points to obvious directions to stimulate the reactivity and technological promise. His observations also clearly show that the field of fusion is not at all a simple data point but is in fact a very complex continuum that merges ‘cold and hot’ fusion into an apparent fusion ecosystem. In the middle of it all is ultra dense fusion, aka solid state fusion.

As is becoming clearly apparent by the meticulous character of Prof. Holmlid he has explored the two common forms of hydrogen, light and heavy (deuterium). In reward for this dualistic pursuit he has observed that while both forms of hydrogen participate in these new fusion pathways only deuterium yields net energy gains.

He states, “MeV particles are ejected by laser-induced processes in both D(0) and p(0). Also, normal D+D fusion processes giving 4He and 3He ions were shown to be initiated by a relatively weak pulsed laser [using deuterium fuel]. Laser-induced nuclear fusion in D(0) gives heat above break-even, as reported in Ref. [15].”

450 times or more the energy output as input.

To summarize it is safe to say that in both cases, light and heavy hydrogen, mesons/muons are produced in abundance. But with deuterium there is also classical D+D fusion where helium is formed in addition to the mesons, and this provides the excess heat, some 450 times or more the energy output as input. This is NOT the case with light hydrogen/protons. The expected 24 MeV gamma of classic D+D → 4He is NOT present.

Holmlid’s  D+D fusion reactions proceed with two steps and only give an energy up to 3.0 MeV in the first reaction step, and up to 14.7 MeV in the second step of the reactions. This is the process apparently that avoids the 24 MeV gamma.  Thus, nuclear processes take place with deuterium which are indeed a new version of fusion — with a new kind of unexpected multi-particle branching where gammas do not occur.

About that new multi-particle evidence what is apparent is that mesons come first after the laser pulse. But since mesons have incredibly short lifetimes what happens next is vital. The mesons very quickly transform into muons. In the presence of an enormous flux of muons catalyzed fusion which has been known for 75 years is entirely likely. It would be nigh unto impossible to avoid fusion when muons and tightly packed deuterons are both present. But the new physics doesn’t simply stop there an additional miracle appears in that the suppression of energetic gamma radiation is also a characteristic of this particular atom ecology.

Reference 

Holmlid’s Magnum Opus is available for free online at PLOS ONE via this link http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0169895

Article Reference

Ultra Dense Fusion, A Physics/Energy Magnum Opus

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