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The Invention claims a method which produces high amount of energy in the form of Hydrogen atoms using magnetic field.

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I always look forward to receive emails from researchers, inventors engineers and scientists. I decided to pass this one on to the audience for review and ask you treat this with respect. I often receive emails with inventors wanting to share their work and fear  being flamed on this site. I assure them most of the people here are very supportive of new ideas and many of the inventors we feature like Tommey Reid. We should always praise effort and imagination, not criticize if someone gets something wrong. However we will show no mercy on those making false claims and will not allow independent verification from qualified parties.

I will start this story with the email received

DEAR MARK DANSIE
I AM LALIT CHUDIWALA FROM DELHI .PRESENTLY I DEVELOP NEW CONCEPT ON ATOMIC ENERGY (RADICAL HYDROGEN) .THIS INVENTION IS ABLE TO PRODUCE HIGH ENERGY AND REPLACE NUCLEAR REACTORS .NOW THIS INVENTION NEEDS PROPER DEVELOPMENTS WITH THE HELP OF TEAM AND LABS.SOME SCIENTIST AGREE WITH MY INVENTION THAT THIS IS FEASIBLE.I SENDING YOU SOME DATA:S AND PAPERS PLEASE CHECK. THERE IS SOME PROOFS.
1) DRAFTING (MY CONCEPT MODAL )
2)REACTION JOURNALS 1 (PAPERS ON THAT MY INVENTION BASED)
3)REACTION PROOF (PAPER THAT CLEAR THIS INVENTION)
4) RAW DATA (SOME DATA FROM PAPERS (REACTION PROOF)
5) THERE IS ALSO PRODUCE D2 AS BY PRODUCT.
6) SAME RESEARCH ( ENERGY PRODUCE BY RECOMBINATION OF HYDROGEN ATOMS BY MR ALEXANDER )
I HAVE ALREADY FILE INDIAN AND INTERNATIONAL PATENT. NOW I AM LOOKING FOR RESEARCH LAB FOR COLLABORATION DEVELOPING THIS INVENTION. WEIGHTING FOR YOUR REPLY.
REGARDS

LALIT CHUDIWALA
MAIL ID lalitchudiwala@rediffmail.com
lalitaggarwal07@rediffmail.com
MOBILE ; 91-9811566001

Documents

Rather than publish all than documents I have copied the first and will make the rest available by email to anyone interested.

My email is markdansie@gmail.com

Description (Drafting My Concept Model)

FIELD OF INVENTION

Current invention relates to the field of electro-magnetic, electro-thermal  and electro-dynamic wherein, high amount of energy is produced in the form of Hydrogen atoms using magnetic field.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Now a days ,requirement of energy is increasing ,that is, it is unlimited, but the sources of energy are limited. At every second, there are frequent power cuts and the people are suffering . To get huge amount of energy , we are dependent on nuclear fission in which uranium rods are used. This releases harmful nuclear waste. Uranium rods are costly and are not readily available . They occupy large space. Therefore there is an urgent need to get an alternative source of energy which is least expensive and does not produce any harmful waste.

SUMMARY

The embodiment of the present invention contemplates to the method which produces high amount of energy  in the form of Hydrogen atoms using magnetic field.

Here in, a Neodymium ball is made to rotate inside a mercury filled copper ring through which eddy currents are produced. Eddy currents are produced by neodymium magnet and copper pipe. These create electromagnetic braking which in turn produces heat and current. The copper ring is covered with a copper coil through which current is passed which results in the formation of magnetic force and heat. Methane gas is induced in the copper ring. Magnetic force helps to create pressure. By the pressure, conversion of methane into ethane takes place with the help of mercury (catalyst).

By this conversion, Hydrogen gas is released , this hydrogen gas is converted into active H atoms. This active H atoms releases  huge amount of energy. It is a rare combination of physics and chemistry.

It is a typical combination of three types of processes which work simultaneously, these are electromagnetic, electro-thermal and electro-dynamic.

Advantage of the present invention is that it enables to generate a huge amount of energy by less input .The energy is in the form of active Hydrogen atoms.

Areas of acceptability : this invention can be used to produce rocket propellant ,in thermal power stations, submarines and many other areas where energy is required.                                           

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF FIGURES (At the end of the text)

Figure 1 illustrates a schematic arrangement of the magnets on an aluminium disc along with the setup.

Figure 2 illustrates a crystal table which is placed over the aluminium disc.

Figure 3  illustrates a typical arrangement of the copper ring .

 

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

The following description is merely exemplary in nature and is not intended to limit the present disclosure, application, or uses. It should be understood that throughout the drawings, corresponding reference numerals indicate like or corresponding parts and features.

With the reference to Figure 1, a motor is placed on a stand which is attached to a pulley (p1).This pulley is in turn attached to  pully  (p2) through a belt. The second pulley (p2) rotates with the first pulley (p1).Similarly, the second pulley (p2) is attached to a rod through which an aluminium disc is attached which is having 8 square/round (any can be used) magnets on it. When current is passed to the motor,p1 starts rotating along with p2 and then the aluminium disc rotates. To control the speed of the motor there is a variational transformer (deemer) is attached. Current is  given to the motor by which aluminium disc starts rotating with its magnets. Their rotation is horizontal. The aluminum disk(magnets attached to it) performs two processes ,formation of magnetic field and  gives support to increase the rotation of neodymium ball present inside the inner ring.(electro-dynamic process)

Deemer helps to control the rotation per minute(rpm) of the motor. Magnets create a magnetic field. The disc rotates with the help of shaft. The direction and speed of both, disc and shaft is same. Here electro-dynamic process takes place.

A crystal table separates the above mentioned setup from the copper ring arrangement. The said copper ring arrangement is binded with the crystal table.

Ring used in the project is made up of  copper .Operation of this ring is based on electromagnetic induction. There are two copper rings attached to each other. The outer ring is cut from its centre part and it covers a larger part of inner ring. Both the rings have a sandwich appearance. This arrangement is covered by a semiconductor tape which in turn is covered with a copper coil followed again by semiconductor tape. Tape is semiconductor. It is the inner and outer layer of the copper ring therefore enables to pass heat and current to the  other point (ring) and prevent short circuit . While the coiling is attached to transformer to get current so heat and magnetic field is produced inside the ring. When current passes through the coil, magnetic field develops in the centre of the ring. In the inner ring neodymium magnet ball is present. The ring has two pores which are also of copper. One pore is for inlet and the other one is for outlet. The outlet is further divided into two parts. Mercury is filled inside in inner ring. The ball floats on the mercury. The outer ring also has two pores ,one is inlet and other is outlet. It works as a cooling chamber. For cooling liquid nitrogen is present.  The positive and negative terminal of copper wire are attached to the transformer for current. Through the inlet of inner ring methane is induced. For continuous flow inlet is connected to a methane cylinder and outlet is attached to an ethane collector and hydrogen atom collector. Liquid nitrogen supplier is attached to the inlet of the outer ring. Nitrogen gas collector tank is attached to the outlet of the outer ring.

Main working is on the mercury filled copper ring. It is double copper ring. In inner Neodymium magnet ball is present. Neodymium and copper have a property to repel. This repulsion takes place due to electromagnetic braking.(Reference 1)

Copper and Neodymium ball have a property to repel with each other. So, due to their repulsion, electromagnetic braking takes place.

Eddy currents are produced by copper and neodymium through which heat and current is produced. Just like an eddy current brake, which works like a conventional friction brake ,is responsible for slowing an object. It slows an object by creating eddy current through electromagnetic induction which create resistance and in turn heat and current is produced. A braking force is possible when electric current is passed through the electromagnets.

Three forces are applicable:

Centripetal force: It is a force that makes a body follow a curved path: its direction is always orthogonal to the velocity of the body, toward the fixed point of the instantaneous center of curvature of the path. Centripetal force is generally the cause of circular motion.

Centrifugal force: It is the apparent force that draws a rotating body away from the center of rotation. It is caused by the inertia of the body as the body’s path is continually redirected.

Lorentz force : the Lorentz force is the force on a point charge due to electromagnetic fields. If a particle of charge q moves with velocity v in the presence of an electric field E and a magnetic field B, then it will experience a force

Electromagnetic ion thruster use Lorentz force to accelerate the ions.(Reference 3)

Lenz’s law is applicable.

LENZ LAW:-

An induced  electromotive force (emf) always gives rise to a current whose magnetic field opposes the original change in  magnetic flux.

Lenz’s law is shown with the negative sign in  Faraday’s law of induction  which indicates that the induced emf () and the change in magnetic flux () have opposite signs.                                        

When an emf is generated by a change in magnetic flux according to Faraday’s Law, the polarity of the induced emf is such that it produces a current whose magnetic field opposes the change which produces it. The induced magnetic field inside any loop of wire always acts to keep the magnetic flux in the loop constant. In the examples below, if the B field is increasing, the induced field acts in opposition to it. If it is decreasing, the induced field acts in the direction of the applied field to try to keep it constant.

Faraday’s law: Electromagnetic induction is the production of a potential difference (voltage) across a conductor when it is exposed to a varying magnetic field. Faraday’s law of induction is a basic law of electromagnetism predicting how a magnetic field will interact with an electric circuit to produce an electromotive force (EMF). It is the fundamental operating principle of transformers, inductors, and many types of electrical motors, generators and solenoids.

The EMF is also given by the rate of change of magnetic flux.

ΦB  = BA

where is the electromotive force (EMF) in volts and ΦB is the magnetic flux in webers. The direction of the electromotive force is given by Lenz’s law.

For a tightly wound coil of wire, composed of N identical loops, each with the same ΦB

Faraday’s law of induction states that where N is the number of turns of wire and ΦB is the magnetic flux in webers through a single loop.

Mercury filled inside the inner ring helps in the conversion of H gas into H atoms. Its high density helps in the floatation of neodymium ball. Further ,mercury has liquid stability at room temp, Low dual ionization and high molecular weight.
The magnetic field develops at two places :

  1. between neodymium ball and magnets placed on the disc.
  2. inside the copper ring , between coil and neodymium ball.

They repel and attract to their like and unlike poles respectively ,through which a magnetic force develops(neodymium ball has 8 poles). Through electro-magnetic induction the neodymium ball inside the ring starts to rotate in the direction of the current ( ball floats on mercury).This current is a counter rotating current which is created only in copper and aluminium pipes. Since, pressure =force/area

This magnetic field creates a pressure in the tube and force is in the form of magnetic energy.

FORCE————————-creates——————————pressure

FORCE————————-in the form of———————magnetic energy

As current flows from positive to negative ,so the direction of the magnetic flux and the neodymium ball will be same ,that is, from positive to negative.

Magnetic flux will move from positive point and go towards negative point.

So ,the direction of all three ,Neodymium ball, current and magnetic flux will be the same, that is, from positive to negative.

Copper and Neodymium ball have a property to repel with each other. So, due to their repulsion, electromagnetic braking takes place.

In other words ,current(electricity)and heat is produced. Both the function, that is, formation of Magnetic force (between coil and neodymium ball) and formation of current and heat(copper and neodymium ball) are taking place at same time.

Current makes H ions accelerated.

Magnetic force+ heat+ current———-pressure——- conversion(h2)——— mercury———-H atoms

                                                          

Magnetic force helps to create pressure. By the pressure, conversion of methane into ethane takes place with the help of mercury (catalyst).

By this conversion, Hydrogen gas is released , then hydrogen gas is converted into H atoms.(reference 4)

This active H atoms are in the form of huge amount of energy.

The two pores present in the inner ring are inlet and outlet. The outlet is further divided into two parts. Through inlet, methane is exerted. Through outlet, ethane and H atoms are collected. Through inlet of outer ring, liquid nitrogen is induced and through outlet nitrogen gas is collected. Transformer is attached to the copper coiling through which current is induced and magnetic field develops. The aluminum disk(magnets attached to it) performs two processes formation of magnetic field and gives support to increase the rotation of neodymium ball present inside the inner ring.(electro-dynamic process).

With the help of this disc(by this electro-dynamic process) , we can increase or decrease the rate of forming magnetic force(pressure ,heat and current). The faster the disc rotates, the more will be the magnetic force formed .The speed of rotation is controlled by the deemer.

The direction of moving Al disc(with magnets) and the ball ,lying inside the inner copper ring will be same.

FORMULATIONS

Magnetic field in the solenoid:-

                         = Magnetic constant

N = No. of turns

                        i== Current

                        l=length

                        B=magnetic field

This equation is for a solenoid with no core. The inclusion of a  ferromagnetic core, such as  iron, increases the magnitude of the magnetic flux density in the solenoid. This is expressed by the formula.

Where   μeff   is the effective or apparent permeability of the core

Due to the electromagnetic induction rotating part of ring come in the motion and start moving in the circular motion.

Because the motion of  rotor is circular so there is no particular direction of speed and we cannot find out the velocity of rotor.

INDUCED EMF (LENZ’S LAW AND FARADAY’S LAW)

n=No. Of turns

b=magnetic field

t=time

Q=magnetic flux(weber)

MAGNETIC FLUX

                         ΦB    = BA

B= magnetic field

                      A= area

ACCELERATION IN CIRCULAR MOTION:-

Uniform  circular motion, that is constant speed along a circular path, is an example of a body experiencing acceleration resulting in velocity of a constant magnitude but change of direction. In this case, because the direction of the object’s motion is constantly changing, being tangential to the circle, the object’s linear  velocity  vector also changes, but its speed does not. This acceleration is a radial acceleration since it is always directed toward the center of the circle and takes the magnitude:

where    is the object’s linear  speed  along the circular path

FORCE=mass * acceleration

m=wt/g 

F= (Wt/g) * (v2/r)

v=velocity

r=radius

g=gravitational force

wt=weight(in grams)

Pressure=force/area

Area of ring= rh.

r= radius

h=height

CIRCUMFERENCE OF RING=  r

r=d/2

Volume πr2h

 HEAT ENERGY IN THE SOLENOID

Heat energy = power x time

E = PT

P = IV

I= CURRENT

V= VOLTAGE

P= POWER

T= TIME IN SEC

 ALL THE PROCESSES SHOULD BE DONE IN VACUUM   

It will be appreciated that several of the above-disclosed and other features and functions, or alternatives thereof, may be desirably combined into many other different systems or applications. Also that various presently unforeseen or unanticipated alternatives, modifications variations or improvements therein may be subsequently made by those skilled in the art which are also intended to be encompassed by the following claims

In the foregoing specification, the invention is described with reference to specific embodiments thereof, but those skilled in the art will recognize that the invention is not limited thereto. Various features and aspects of the above-described invention may be used individually or jointly. Further, the invention can be utilized in any number of environments and applications beyond those described herein without departing from the broader spirit and scope of the specification. The specification and drawings are, accordingly, to be regarded as illustrative rather than restrictive. It will be recognized that the terms “comprising,” “including,” and “having,” as used herein, are specifically intended to be read as open-ended terms of art.

          

 REFERENCES

 Reference 1

Reference 2

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eddy_current_brakes 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lenz’s_law

Reference 3

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ion_thruster

Reference 4

http://jcp.aip.org/resource/1/jcpsa6/v13/i12/p563_s1?isAuthorized=no

http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ja00130a016?journalCode=jacsat

Figures

 

hydrogen 1

Hydrogen 2

Hydrogen 3

 

 

 

 

Will this Hydrogen-Fuel revolutionize the economy of the world ?
New triboelectric effect nanogenerator harvests power from rolling tires