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    This is above my pay scale but worthy of further reading; Published by:  ATOM ECOLOGY

    Claim: Metals filled with hydrogen and deuterium are teased with a green laser. The result is incredible energy release by a form of nuclear fusion never, well almost never, before described. This provides the excess heat, some 450 times or more the energy output as input

    Leif Holmlid, Professor emeritus Atmospheric Science, Department of Chemistry, University of Gothenburg

     

    Mesons from Laser-Induced Processes in Ultra Dense Hydrogen

    “Mesons from Laser-Induced Processes in Ultra Dense Hydrogen H(0)” – Leif Holmlid – Published: January 12, in PLOS ONE. It seems a very unusual form of ultra dense fusion is in hand in an incredibly simple to reproduce form with all the precision particle physics anyone might ever demand to substantiate it.

    Like a few others working on experiments with hydrogen loaded metals, aka ultra-dense states of hydrogen, Holmlid added a simple dimension of teasing the UDH (ultra dense hydrogen) with a green laser, something many have tried. What Holmlid did that is of such extraordinary substance is that he wrapped his experiment with the most sophisticated observational instruments imaginable. He is a true perfectionist scientist and his results offer proof of his experimentalist skills. He sought the data that would speak for itself and he gathered it.

    What Holmlid’s data speaks of is that in the complex environment that is solid state matter (metals) filled with ultra dense hydrogen the complexity of the atom ecology therein defies being dumbed down into a singular form. There is an entire zoo of strange behaviour taking place and most assuredly the one behaviour that is NOT taking place is simply ordinary fusion. Most striking of all are the observations of strange, here-to-fore, crazy mischugenon particles, that are almost like nothing we’ve seen before.

    ultra dense fusion

    Holmlid’s emission data proves nuclear processes result when a very weak green laser illuminates a metal filled with ultra dense hydrogen 

    Solid state fusion

    Holmlid’s body of work going back a decade is amongst the most advanced in the field of the atom ecology of ultra dense hydrogen and the unusual fusion that is so characteristic of that field. His work points to obvious directions to stimulate the reactivity and technological promise. His observations also clearly show that the field of fusion is not at all a simple data point but is in fact a very complex continuum that merges ‘cold and hot’ fusion into an apparent fusion ecosystem. In the middle of it all is ultra dense fusion, aka solid state fusion.

    As is becoming clearly apparent by the meticulous character of Prof. Holmlid he has explored the two common forms of hydrogen, light and heavy (deuterium). In reward for this dualistic pursuit he has observed that while both forms of hydrogen participate in these new fusion pathways only deuterium yields net energy gains.

    He states, “MeV particles are ejected by laser-induced processes in both D(0) and p(0). Also, normal D+D fusion processes giving 4He and 3He ions were shown to be initiated by a relatively weak pulsed laser [using deuterium fuel]. Laser-induced nuclear fusion in D(0) gives heat above break-even, as reported in Ref. [15].”

    450 times or more the energy output as input.

    To summarize it is safe to say that in both cases, light and heavy hydrogen, mesons/muons are produced in abundance. But with deuterium there is also classical D+D fusion where helium is formed in addition to the mesons, and this provides the excess heat, some 450 times or more the energy output as input. This is NOT the case with light hydrogen/protons. The expected 24 MeV gamma of classic D+D → 4He is NOT present.

    Holmlid’s  D+D fusion reactions proceed with two steps and only give an energy up to 3.0 MeV in the first reaction step, and up to 14.7 MeV in the second step of the reactions. This is the process apparently that avoids the 24 MeV gamma.  Thus, nuclear processes take place with deuterium which are indeed a new version of fusion — with a new kind of unexpected multi-particle branching where gammas do not occur.

    About that new multi-particle evidence what is apparent is that mesons come first after the laser pulse. But since mesons have incredibly short lifetimes what happens next is vital. The mesons very quickly transform into muons. In the presence of an enormous flux of muons catalyzed fusion which has been known for 75 years is entirely likely. It would be nigh unto impossible to avoid fusion when muons and tightly packed deuterons are both present. But the new physics doesn’t simply stop there an additional miracle appears in that the suppression of energetic gamma radiation is also a characteristic of this particular atom ecology.

    Reference 

    Holmlid’s Magnum Opus is available for free online at PLOS ONE via this link http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0169895

    Article Reference

    Ultra Dense Fusion, A Physics/Energy Magnum Opus

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